Greek Goddess Artemis

Greek Goddess Artemis

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Artemis was the goddess of chastity, virginity, the hunt and the moon.

Parents: Artemis was born as a daughter of Zeus, the Ruler of the Greek gods and the Titaness Leto on Mount Cynthus at the island of Delos in Greece.
Siblings: Artemis had a twin brother, Apollo. Apollo was the god of the Sun, whereas Artemis’ cult was connected to the Moon. Artemis was born before Apollo and helped her mother give birth to her little brother.

Goddess Artemis never married.

As a child, Artemis had asked from her father Zeus to remain an eternal virgin and therefore became one of the three Virgin Goddesses in Greek mythology. Artemis had absolute sovereignty over nature and was said to bring fertility to all places that worshipped her.

The symbols of Artemis were the bow and the pike. Her tree was the cedar and her sacred animals were the snake, the bear and the deer.

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Greek Goddess of the Hunt, Forest and Hills, the Moon and Archery

Artemis is known as the goddess of the hunt and is one of the most respected of all the ancient Greek deities. It is thought that her name, and even the goddess herself, may even be pre-Greek. She was the daughter of Zeus, king of the gods, and the Titaness Leto and she has a twin brother, the god Apollo.

Not only was Artemis the goddess of the hunt, she was also known as the goddess of wild animals, wilderness, childbirth and virginity. Also, she was protector of young children and was know to bring and relieve disease in women. In literature and art she was depicted as a huntress carrying a bow and arrow.

  • A temple built in her honor became one of the “Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.”
  • At least two festivals were celebrated in her honor of Artemis: Brauronia and the festival of Artemis Orthia.
  • Homer referred to her as a mistress of wild animals.
  • Artemis spent most of her time roaming the forests with her nymphs. She was described as both hunting animals and protecting them.
  • She armed herself with a bow and arrows made by Hephaestus and Cyclops.
  • In art, Artemis is often accompanied by a stag or hunting dog.
  • She is the protector of chastity and a nurturer of the young.

Artemis was sometimes represented in Classical art with the crown of the crescent moon.

  • Chariots

Artemis’ chariot was made of gold and was pulled by four golden horned deer (Elaphoi Khrysokeroi). The bridles of her chariot were also made of gold.

  • Hunting dog

Artemis got her hunting dogs from Pan in the forest of Arcadia. Pan gave Artemis two black-and-white dogs, three reddish ones, and one spotted one – these dogs were able to hunt even lions. Pan also gave Artemis seven bitches of the finest Arcadian race. However, Artemis only ever brought seven dogs hunting with her at any one time.

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